Magnetic philosophy

«I will write in a simple style about things entirely unknown to the ordinary individual. Nevertheless I will speak only of the manifest properties of the lodestone, because this tract will form part of a work on the construction of philosophical instruments. The disclosing of the hidden properties of this stone is like the art of the sculptor by which he brings figures and seals into existence. Although I may call the matters about which you inquire evident and of inestimable value, they are considered by common folk to be illusions and mere creations of the imagination. (…)

QUALIFICATIONS OF THE EXPERIMENTER – YOU must know, my dear friend, that whoever wishes to experiment, should be acquainted with the nature of things, and should not be ignorant of the motion of the celestial bodies. (…)

The north pole of one lodestone attracts the south pole of another and conversely; in this case the virtue of the stronger becomes active, whilst that of the weaker becomes obedient or passive. I consider the following to be the cause of this phenomenon : the active agent requires a passive subject, not merely to be joined to it, but also to be united with it, so that the two make but one by nature. (…)

It is manifest that from the poles of the world, the poles of the lodestone receive their virtue. (…)

If now the stone be moved according to the motion of the heavens, you will be delighted in having discovered such a wonderful secret ; but if not, ascribe the failure to your own lack of skill rather than to a defect in nature. Moreover, in this position I consider the strength of the lodestone to be best preserved. When it is placed differently, i. e., not in the meridian, I think its virtue is weakened or obscured rather than maintained. With such an instrument you will need no timepiece, for by it you can know the ascendant at any hour you please, as well as all other dispositions of the heavens. (…)

IN this chapter I will make known to you the construction of a wheel which in a remarkable manner moves continuously. I have seen many persons vainly busy themselves and even becoming exhausted with much labor in their endeavors to invent such a wheel. But these invariably failed to notice that by means of the virtue or power of the lodestone all difficulty can be overcome. (…)»

– Petrus Peregrinus, “On the Magnet“, 1269.


«To you alone, true philosophers, ingenuous minds, who not only in books but in things themselves look for knowledge, have I dedicated these foundations of magnetic science a new style of philosophizing. (…) Now the earth is not a chaos nor a chance medley mass, but through its astral property has limits agreeable to the circular motion, to wit, poles that are not merely mathematical expressions, an equator that is not a mere fiction, meridians, too, and parallels; (…) they are demonstrated with many experiments in the magnetic philosophy.»

– William Gilbert, “On the loadstone, magnetic bodies, and the magnificent magnet the Earth: a new physiology, demonstrated with many arguments and experiments”, 1600.


«It is natural tendency for all living things to take it easy. You watch any living thing you want to, and you will see that as soon as they fill up, they will lie down and take it easy.

The physical comfort, the ease, that is the only thing in this world that satisfies. It cannot be overdone and it is the real base of all our actions. We all cannot take things easy because there is too much competition from other people only those who possess good management will succeed by exploiting domestic animals, machinery, other people and natural resources.

Everything will have to be produced that is consumed and to those who have to produce the things themselves they are consuming, the easy days are not coming to them. (…)

All people are independent so you see everybody will have to take care of themselves and if they cannot, they should perish and the sooner they perish the better it will be. (…)

People are individuals. For instance, if you want an excitement you have to test the thrill yourself, or if you have a pain you will have to bear it yourself, or if you want to eat you will have to eat for yourself. Nobody can eat for you and so it is that if you want the things to eat you will have to produce them yourself and if you are too weak, too lazy, lack machinery and good management to produce them, you should perish and that is all there is to it.»

– Edward Leedskalnin, “A Book in Every Home”, 1936.


«What is life? Mineral life is to hold the mineral matter together. Vegetable life is to hold the vegetable matter together and increases in volume. Animal life is to hold the animal matter or flesh together increase the volume and give motion to muscles. The base of life is the North and South pole magnets. The magnets are indestructible.

Every period of material life goes through two periods, construction and destruction period, but the life itself is indestructible, life has no beginning and no end. The sun is living in a destruction period and the earth in a construction period. In the sun only mineral life exist but on earth mineral, vegetable and animal life exist. (…)

…the perpetual motion holder can act as a living thing.  It knows which way to swing each magnet. This shows if more magnets are added to a living then it can perform things it could not do before. The same is true concerning our body and everything else. Those surplus magnets, they are real life. (…)

Ed Leedskalnin’s Perpetual Motion Holder

It is not the green chlorophyll that converts the sunlight in plant food, it is the water that does it. (…) The sunlight was running in the water every day and the North and South pole magnets were running through the water all the time. (…)

Lightning only strikes if the North and South magnets are concentrated too much in a small space. If not concentrated then they pass through everything without much notice.  I believe that water, sunlight and North and South pole magnets are making the plants to grow. (…)

…we have in our body the same kind of magnets that are making the big lightning in the sky. When I connect my tongue and feet with micro-amperemeter, the meter shows that I have magnets in my body. Some times I have more of the magnets in my body than at other times. The presence of magnets in our body would indicate that the magnets are operating our muscles. Where do our bodies get the magnets from? You know that to get the magnets from zinc we have to put the zinc in acid in the battery where it can be dissolved. Our digestive system is like a battery but more complicated. We get magnets from the food we eat. The acid and other digestive juices dissolve the food and liberate the magnets to be used for other purposes. (…)»

– Edward Leedskalnin, “Mineral, Vegetal and Animal Life”, 1945.


«The real magnet is the substance that is circulating in the metal. Each particle in the substance is an individual magnet by itself, and both North and South Pole individual magnets. They are so small that they can pass through anything… In fact they can pass through metal easier than through the air. They are in constant motion, they are running one kind of magnets against the other kind, and if guided in the right channels they possess perpetual power. The North and South Pole magnets they are cosmic force, they hold together this earth and everything on it. (…)

The earth itself is a great big magnet. (…) In a permanent magnet bar between the poles there is a semi-neutral part where there is not much going in or out, but on the earth there is no place where the magnets are not going in or out, but the magnets are running in and out at pole ends more than at the Equator.  (…)

All my hanging magnets or compasses they never point to the earth’s magnetic pole, neither to the geographical pole. They point a little Northeast. (…)

Now I will tell you what magnetic current is. Magnetic current is the same as electric current is a wrong expression. Really it is not one current, they are two currents, one current is composed of North Pole individual magnets in concentrated streams and the other is composed of South Pole individual magnets in concentrated streams, and they are running one stream against the other stream in whirling, screwlike fashion, and with high speed. One current alone if it be North Pole magnet current or South Pole magnet current it cannot run alone. To run one current will have to run against the other. (…)

This time you will make an equipment that can he used for four purposes. Electric magnet, transformer, generator and holder of perpetual motion. (…)

Connect a battery to the coils so, that the current runs in both coils at the same time. Do it so, that one end of the bar is the north pole and the other is the south pole. Now you have an electric magnet.

This time you will turn the same components into a transformer. It will not be an economical one, but it will show you how a transformer works. (…)

Magnetic currents, or if you want to call it electric current, make no light. We only get light if we put obstructions in the light bulbs. In the light bulbs the wire is so small that all magnets cannot pass through easily, so they heat the wire up and burn and make light. (…)

Both, N and S individual magnet currents, which came out of the car battery and went into the transformer, were direct currents. But, the light in the bulb was caused by alternating currents. (Keep in mind that there are always two currents and that one current alone cannot run. They have to run one against the other.) You transformed currents in kind.

Now I will tell you, how to transform currents in strength. To make higher voltage, wind one 6″ spool with smaller wire and many more turns. To have less voltage, wind another spool with bigger wire and fewer turns. This transformer makes alternating currents from direct currents. (The power line transformers use alternating currents to make alternating currents.)

The iron prong ends in your U electric magnet remain the same magnetic poles, while the magnetic poles alternate in power line transformers. Only currents are in motion in power line transformers, while currents as well as you are in motion in this DC transformer.

Now about a generator. All currents are alternating in the first place. We have to use a commutator in order to get direct currents. Any transformers and generators make el. currents in the same way, by filling the iron core in a coil with NS magnets and letting the iron core push them out and into the coil.

Connect the battery with your U electric magnet. It will become a field magnet now. Pass your 3″ long coil between its prongs fast. Do it repeatedly and you will get a steady light in the light bulb. Now, you and the field magnet are the generator. If you had a turning wheel with many coils on it, you would be making all kinds of light. Do not make the machine, I already have the application for patent in the Patent Office. I made ten different machines to make magnetic currents, but I found this combination between field magnets and coils the most efficient. Put the coil in slowly and take it out slowly, then you will have no light. That will show, to make magnetic currents, the time is important. (…)

Put the six-inch long square rod on top of the two iron prongs, fit good so it lies even. Connect the battery with electric magnet for a little while, now disconnect the battery, connect the light bulb with the electric magnet the same way it was connected with the battery, now pull off the six-inch long bar, do it quickly, then you will see light in the bulb, connect the battery up again with the electric magnet, put the bar across the iron prongs, hold awhile, disconnect the battery. Now the electric magnet holds perpetual motion. If not disturbed it will last indefinitely. I held it in this position for six months, and when I pulled off the six-inch bar I got just as much light out of it as I got in the first time. This experiment shows that if you start the North and South Pole individual magnets in an orbit, then they will never stop. The hanging magnets that hang up and down, they show that there is motion inside the bar. Hold the perpetual motion holder North Pole magnet or pole end East and South Pole magnet terminal or pole end West, now raise it up slowly to the South Pole hanging magnet, then you will see the South Pole hanging magnet swinging South. Now put the perpetual motion holder under the North Pole hanging magnet, raise up slowly, then you will see the North Pole hanging magnet swinging North. This experiment shows without any doubt that the North and South Pole individual magnets are running in the same direction as those in the copper wire, which came out of the car battery, and in both instances while the magnets are running ahead in whirling motion they used the right-hand twist.

Get that Alnico magnet, and make it so you can turn it wound if possible more than two thousand revolutions a minute. Connect the light bulb with the perpetual motion holder, put it on the spinning Alnico magnet in the hole between prongs and the square iron bar, now spin the Alnico magnet around and see how much of the light you get. Now take the iron bar off, then you will get more of the light. It shows that if it is closed, some of the magnets which we in the iron prongs will run around in an orbit, and will not come out, but when the orbit is broken then they will run in the coil, and the result will be more light.

Put a paper box with plenty of Iron filings in it on the horizontally spinning Alnico magnet, then you will see how the spinning magnet builds up ridges and ditches. Now put the magnet so that it can be turned vertically. Spin the magnet, then you will see the filings running against the motion and building up ridges and ditches. Put on finer filings, then there will be finer ridges and ditches. Spin one way and then the other way, then you will have some rough idea how magnets build up the matter.

You made magnetic currents in three different ways, but in principle they all were made exactly in the same way. Magnetic currents are made by concentrating. then dividing and then shifting the existing North and South Pole individual magnets from one place to another. Now I will illustrate how my best machine is doing it. (…)

The coil’s part is to divide those little individual magnets from bulk form in small paths. The coil is not necessary to make magnetic currents. Currents can be made with a single wire. The coil is necessary to increase the amount and strength of the currents. The coil is similar to any cell battery. One cell alone does not amount to anything. To be good, many cells have to be in a battery. The same in a coil to be good many turns have to be in a coil. (…)

…the coil’s wire is insulated, there is an air space around every wire and as it is known that the dry air is the best obstruction for the magnets to go through and as you know the coil is well insulated so the damp air does not get in. It is well known that it is many times easier for the magnets to run in metal than in air (…).

You know the soft iron does not hold magnets, but you already have one that holds it. It is the perpetual motion holder. It illustrates the principle how permanent magnets are made.  All that has to be done is to start the magnets to run in on orbit, then they will never stop. Hard steel U shape magnets have a broken orbit, but under proper conditions it is permanent.  I think the structure of the metal is the answer. (…)

The reason I call the results of North and South Pole magnet’s functions magnetic currents and not electric currents or electricity is the electricity is connected too much with those non-existing electrons. If it had been called magneticity then I would accept it. Magneticity would indicate that it has a magnetic base and so it would be all right.

As I said in the beginning, the North and South Pole magnets they are the cosmic force. They hold together this earth and everything on it, and they hold together the moon, too. The moon’s North end holds South Pole magnets the same as the earth’s North end. The moon’s South end holds North Pole magnets the same as the earth’s South end.  Those people who have been wondering why the moon does not come down all they have to do is to give the moon one- half of a turn so that the North end would be in South side, and South end in the North side, and then the moon would come down. At present the earth and the moon have like magnet poles in the same sides so their own magnet poles keep themselves apart, but when the poles are reversed, then they will pull together.  Here is a good tip to the rocket people. Make the rocket’s head strong North Pole magnet, and the tail end strong South Pole magnet, and then shut to on the moon’s North end, then you will have better success.

North and South Pole magnets are not only holding together the earth and moon, but they are turning the earth around on its axis. Those magnets which are coming down from the sun they are hitting their own kind of magnets which are circulating around the earth and they hit more on the East side than on the West side, and that is what makes the earth turn around.

North and South Pole magnets make the lightning, in earth’s North hemisphere the South Pole magnets are going up and the North pole magnets are coming down in the same flash. In the earth’s South hemisphere the North Pole magnets are going up and the South Pole magnets are coming down in the same flash.  The North lights are caused by the North and South Pole magnets passing in concentrated streams, but the streams are not as much concentrated as they are in the lightning. The radio waves are made by the North and South Pole magnets.

Now about the magnet size. You know sunlight can go through glass, paper and leaves, but it cannot go through wood, rock and iron, but the magnets can go through everything. This shows that each magnet is smaller than each particle of light.»

– Edward Leedskalnin, “Magnetic current”, 1945.


«…researchers were misled by wrong instruction books, and by one-sided instruments. Voltmeters and ampere meters are one-sided. They only show what is called by instruction books, positive electricity, but never show negative electricity. Now you can see that one-half of the electricity escaped their notice. (…)

I think the atom drawings are wrong. They should be drawn to fit the earth on account of the fact that the atom is a part of the earth. (…)

Matter: Every form of existence, whether it be rock tree or animal, has a beginning and an end, but the three things that all matter is constructed from has no beginning and no end. They are the North and South poles individual magnets, and the neutral particles of matter. These three different things are the construction blocks of everything. (…)

To the electrical engineers the positive electricity is everything, the negative electricity is nothing, but to the physicists the negative electricity is everything, and the positive electricity is nothing. Looking from a neutral standpoint they cancel each other, so we have no electricity, but we have something. If we do not know how to handle the thing that comes through a wire from a generator or a battery, we will get badly shocked. (…)

The natural path to the North pole magnets in the Northern Hemisphere is to go down, and the South pole magnets to go up. (…)

I think all that nature needs is three things, the North and South pole magnets and the neutral particles. Each kind of those three things can act differently with different speed and different combinations, and so they can accomplish different results. (…)

The North and South pole individual magnets are the cosmic force. They are the building blocks of nature’s perpetual transformation of matter, and they are so small that they can pass through everything. They pass through the earth from pole to pole, and around the earth. (…) Without the general circulation of the building blocks there would be no change. Everything would remain in the same way as it is now. (…)

When I break the orbit of the perpetual motion holder which I made, then I get a flash of light from it (…).

Here is additional information for those who read my advertisement in The Miami Daily News, February 3rd, 1946. (…)

I think the Radium and Uranium were built up inside the earth with high pressure, and heat, while the North and South pole individual magnets were circulating through the earth. (…)»

– Edward Leedskalnin, “Advertisement: Magnetic current”, The Miami Daily News, 1946.

Connect the battery with your U electric magnet. It will become a field magnet now. Pass your 3″ long coil between its prongs fast. Do it repeatedly and you will get a steady light in the light bulb.

Now, you and the field magnet are the generator. If you had a turning wheel with many coils on it, you would be making all kinds of light. Do not make the machine.


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