System, système, sistema

«Je n’ai pas de système»

– Bergson

«1. Je crois à la philosophie comme SYSTÈME. C’est la notion de système qui me deplaît quand on la raporte aux coordonnées de l’Identique, du Semblable et de l’Analogue. C’est Leibniz, je crois, qui le premier identifie système et philosophie. Au sens où il le fait, J’y adhère. Aussi les questions “depasser la philosophie”, “mort de la philosophie” ne m’ont jamais touché. Je me sens un philosophe très classique. Pour moi, le SYSTÈME ne doit pas seulement être en perpetuelle hétérogenéité, il doit être une hétérogenèse, ce qui, il me semble, n’a jamais étè tentè».

– Gilles Deleuze, Lettre-Préface à Jean-Clet Martin [“Variations. La philosophie de Gilles Deleuze”, 1990], §55, “Deux régimes de fous”.


«I mistrust all systematizers and I avoid them. The will to a system is a lack of integrity»

– Nietzsche, “Twilight of the Idols”.

«Nihilism as a psychological state is reached, secondly, when one has posited a totality, a SYSTEMATIZATION, indeed any organization in all events, and underneath all events, and a soul that longs to admire and revere has wallowed in the idea of some supreme form of domination and administration (–if the soul be that of a logician, complete consistency and real dialectic are quite sufficient to reconcile it to everything). Some sort of unity, some form of “monism”: this faith suffices to give man a deep feeling of standing in the CONTEXT of, and being dependent on, some whole that is infinitely superior to him (…). We shall be on our guard against explaining purposiveness in terms of spirit: there is no ground whatever for ascribing to spirit the properties of organization and systematization. The nervous system has a much more extensive domain; the world of consciousness is added to it. Consciousness plays no role in the total process of adaptation and systematization.»

– Nietzsche, “The Will to Power”


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