«Here is the program of a healthy (…) movement.
It is revolutionary because it is anti-dogmatic, strongly innovative and against prejudice.
We put the valorization of revolutionary fight above everything and all.
The other problems – bureaucratic, administrative, juridical, scholastic, colonial, etc. -, we find them when we have created the ruling class.
We demand – for the political problem:
a) Universal suffrage polled on a regional basis, with proportional representation and voting and electoral office eligibility for women.
b) A minimum age for the voting electorate of 18 years; that for the office holders at 25 years.
c) The abolition of the Senate.
d) The convocation of a National Assembly for a three-years duration, for which its primary responsibility will be to form a constitution of the State.
e) The formation of a National Council of experts for labor, for industy, for transportation, for the public health, for communications, etc. Selections to be made from the collective professionals or of tradesmen with legislative powers, and elected directly to a General Commission with ministerial powers.
We demand – for the social problems:
a) The quick enactment of a law of the State that sanctions an eight-hour workday for all workers.
b) A minimum wage.
c) The participation of workers’ representatives in the functions of industry commissions.
d) To show the same confidence in the labor unions (that prove to be technically and morally worthy) as is given to industry executives or public servants.
e) The rapid and complete systemization of the railways and of all the transport industries.
f) A necessary modification of the insurance laws to invalidate the minimum retirement age; we propose to lower it from 65 to 55 years of age. (…)
We demand – for the financial problem:
a) A strong progressive tax on capital that will truly expropriate a portion of all wealth.
b) The seizure of all the possessions of the religious congregations and the abolition of all the bishoprics, which constitute an enormous liability on the Nation and on the privileges of the poor.
c) The revision of all military contracts and the seizure of 85 percent of the profits therein.»
– Originally published in “Il Popolo d’Italia“, 6 June 1919.
«We are socialists, we are enemies of today’s capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries, with its unseemly evaluation of a human being according to wealth and property instead of responsibility and performance, and we are all determined to destroy this system under all conditions»
– Adolf Hitler, speech of May 1, 1927.
A crise económica ajudou tal ideologia a chegar ao poder. Num curto espaço de tempo, granjearam a grande maioria do eleitorado. Tudo à conta de dizer o que o povo quer ouvir, alimentando as invejas pequeninas, encarnando o papel do Desejado (Messias, Sebastião ou Grande Chefe). E é sempre um novo ídolo o que se pede para carregar às costas.