The strenght of the water current

Schauberger’s drawings of the water vortex

«On my first job as a graduate forester I spent my spare time at a mountain lake fishing or duck hunting from a boat. My greatest wish was to shoot the giant fish eagle. Every evening he circled high over the water, suddenly falling down like a rock. The next moment he would be up and away with large fish in his claws. How he could catch fish without touching the water was a mystery. For a long time I remained mystified. Obviously, careful observation was required. Equipped with good binoculars I took up position in a tall tree on the highest side of the lake, from where I could keep a watchful eye on both the eagle and the fish in the lake. Almost at the same moment, the eagle appeared. He circled with loud screams over the spot where the fish was, flying low and clapping its wings strongly as if trying to attract attention to itself. Next, it rose almost vertically in ever decreasing spirals. Then, it let itself fall like a rock, legs extended, toward the fish. As it reached the water it broke its fall with a strong flap of the wings and, the next moment, was holding a large fish in its claws. Heavily laden it flew toward the forest and disappeared. I was so fascinated I only paid attention to the bird, but promised myself that next time I would pay attention to the fish. The eagle came back, announcing his arrival loudly as usual, and drew his ever decreasing spiral upon recovering altitude. What happened next was so unbelievable that I lost my balance and almost fell out of the tree for having imitated what I saw. Fish in the lake were spiralling upward just like the bird above! They were one after the other, like pearls on a string, coming always closer to the surface. Because the spiral was becoming smaller, some of the fish were crowded together which caused their first dorsal fins to protrude from the water. A dark shadow fell over the spot, a little flash, and the eagle took off with its prey.»

«The movement and distribution of water returning to the ground surface from the atmosphere is conditioned by the prevailing rainwater temperature and by the temperature of the surrounding air and ground strata. If the temperature of the incident water is higher than the ground strata supposed to absorb it, then through cooling and becoming specifically heavier as a result, rainwater will readily be able to infiltrate the interior of the Earth. After having attained a temperature of +4°C (+39.2°F – also its condition of greatest density) and by sinking further, the water eventually arrives at strata of higher temperature, and by accommodating itself to these temperatures it becomes specifically lighter.
The further it sinks due to the pressure from the heavier water above, the greater its inherent resistance to downward movement, owing to its constantly reducing specific weight. Finally a state of equilibrium is established through which the all-important height of the groundwater table is regulated. Under very particular conditions of pressure, a water stratum with a
temperature of +4°C (the centre stratum)  is formed within the general body of groundwater. In the case described above we are concerned with a positive temperature gradient, which is the rate of change per unit length between the temperature of the incident rainwater and that of the ground, expressed arithmetically.

This case also represents the  Full Cycle  of water, the full hydrological cycle. In reiteration of what has been stated earlier, this is characterised by the following phases:
•  infiltration of water into the Earth;
•  passage through the +4°C centre-stratum of the groundwater;
•  purification at this temperature;
•  further sinking into subterranean aquifers due to its own weight;
•  transition to a vaporous state due to strong geothermal influences;
•  rising again towards the ground-surface with a simultaneous uptake of nutrients;
•  cooling of the water and deposition of nutrients;
•  draining away over the ground-surface;
•  evaporating and forming clouds;
•  falling again as rain, and so on.

In warm soils the +4°C groundwater stratum is missing. Hence the counterweight to the upward pressure from below is also absent. If the temperature of rainwater is lower than the uppermost ground-stratum, then the water initially sinks to a certain  depth and there becomes warmed and specifically lighter. Finally it  is forced up  to the surface  again by the pressure from below and, provided it does not evaporate immediately, drains away along the riverbed-gradient.»

«Water is able to discharge over the ground surface under two conditions:
1.   With a negative temperature gradient (as described in Temperature Gradients – Full and Half Hydrological Cycles) this occurs immediately!
2.  With a positive temperature gradient it takes place only after saturation has occurred, and the groundwater table rises towards the surface under the influence of the Sun’s heat.

This also explains a phenomenon often observed in the mountains: rainfall over several days causes no appreciable increase in the flow of water in the associated receiving streams. The rainwater is almost completely absorbed by the ground. Only after the onset of warmer weather does a flood-discharge enter receiving streams. Cold groundwater rises to the ground surface, which by this time has been warmed by the Sun and warm air. The
earlier positive temperature gradient is transformed into a negative one; the water flows away. Country folk say “the mountain is pissing”.

In Case 1 above, the preconditions for  the creation of floods are far greater and all the more so, if as a result of the direct run-off of water resulting from an initially negative temperature gradient in the ground (cooler higher strata, warmer lower strata), a positive temperature gradient is developed (effect of friction), when the water tends  to infiltrate the ground gradually, loosening and carrying away boulders and pebbles. A thermal surface-gradient is now added to the physical riverbed-gradient. A further increase in run-off velocity and the power to shift pebbles, gravel and sediment ensues. Once the present positive temperature gradient again becomes negative, bends in the river are formed in the lower reaches through turbulence, and thus a mechanical deceleration in the rate of flow occurs. Suspended sedi-
ment is deposited and the oncoming water-masses become backed up. The result: flooding.

In Case 2, if saturation of the groundwater basin occurs as a result of a stable positive temperature gradient, then groundwater (springwater) that now surfaces is colder than the ground strata lying directly beneath it. The temperature gradient has been reversed and has become negative again. Rapid drainage of the heavy water-masses follows. As a result of relatively low temperatures in the ground, cold, heavy, excess water from the Earth’s interior now drains off, achieving a positive condition only gradually, because  the specifically-heavier water warms up very slowly. Since in the upper  third of the catchment area the slope of the riverbed is usually extremely steep, turbulence is created, and hence bends in the more horizontal parts of the river are formed. (…)

The full hydrological cycle involves the entry of water into the interior of the Earth, the creation of the necessary groundwater body, the detention of run-off water and by this means  to forestall or reduce the danger of flooding. Cold springs are also continuously formed, whose waters reduce the temperature of receiving streams and help to inhibit over-rapid evaporation downstream.

With the half-hydrological cycle, by comparison, a familiar condition occurs where rising  water vapour is produced almost uninterruptedly. In  other words,  a continuous contribution is made to the mass  of atmospheric water and the recurrent precipitation associated with it. One flood therefore gives rise to the next.»

«Premature evaporation of water-masses (due to warm soils) during drainage over the ground surface results in disproportionate accumulations of water vapour in the atmosphere. Because of this, a reversal in the reciprocal interaction between temperature gradients occurs too rapidly  in the atmosphere, which again must lead to heavy rainfall and cyclonic storms. The ensuing reciprocal effects of ground-temperature produce undesirable temperature gradients in draining water-masses, through which the full hydrological cycle of water is further adversely affected. In such instances, instead of infiltrating the ground,
water flows into ever-broader channels. As a result of excessively high temperatures thus arising, water transfers into the  atmosphere too rapidly. Because of this, not only is the vital extraction and supply of nutrients arrested, but in this way even greater and more catastrophic floods must also follow.»

[HALF-HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE:  A truncated version of the full  hydrological cycle in which no rainwater infiltrates the ground, but either drains away  over the ground surface or re-evaporates into  the atmosphere with unnatural rapidity, leading to excessive agglomerations  and the uneven distribution of water vapour]

«If we study the water supply system of the ancient Romans, we can observe from archaeological remains that when their towns were originally founded great trouble was taken to deliver the necessary water to the place of use in wooden pipes and in conduits of natural stone. It was only later, due to the constant increase in the demand for water as the towns grew, that they hit upon the unfortunate idea  of conducting bathing  and drinking water in
metal channels. Where the use of wood was discontinued, the choice of suitable material
for  the pipes was determined by observation of the behaviour of coins of different metals, which were thrown into the springs for ritualistic purposes. The type that best resisted the  various influences over the years was selected. According to the nature of  the water many metals became thoroughly encrusted, whereas others were almost entirely dissolved.»

«Where possible, the Romans tapped their springs in such a way that at a certain height above the mouth of the spring they placed a cover in the form of a thick stone slab, carefully levelled and smoothed, on  the sloping face of natural rock. Having been completely sealed all around the perimeter with driven wedges, a hole was then cut in the stone slab into which the outlet pipe was inserted and secured, so that no entry of air was possible. In spite of and because of their simplicity, all methods of spring-capture in those days were more mindful of the nature of water than contemporary systems. Apart from other serious errors, contemporary systems have also frequently destroyed the conditions of water circulation and metabolism between the spring and its surroundings, principally by over-extensive building works and by disturbances in the vicinity of the spring caused by the use of lime, cement and metal pipe-fittings. (…)

Good high-grade springwater differs  from atmospheric water (rainwater) in its inner material contents. Apart from dissolved salts, high-grade spring-water possesses a relatively high quota of gases in free and bound form (such as carbon dioxide and carbonic acid). Up to 96% of the gases absorbed by good high springwater consist of compounds of carbone. Under the term carbone is here to be understood all the carbons of  the chemist, all elements
and their compounds, all metals and minerals – in a word, all substances except oxygen and hydrogen. Atmospheric water (rainwater, aqua  destillata, condensate) or surface water exposed to strong aeration and intense light influences exhibit a comparatively high oxygen content, almost no salt (or only less-complex forms), little or no free carbon dioxide and bound  carbonic acid, and an absorbed atmospheric gas content predominantly of oxygen in  physically  dissolved form. The expression “physically dissolved form” here means a more highly-evolved solution (compound), comprising groups of substances not occurring in purely chemical forms of solution, and in which  energetic processes are already actively involved.
Following from this, we therefore differentiate between water possessing a high percentage of  carbone energies  and water exhibiting a high percentage of oxygen energies. The former we will describe as cathode-water- and the latter as  anode-water+. Cathode-water possesses a  negative  form of energy and anode-water a  positive  form. These energy-forms are  characteristic of what we describe as the sphere, psyche or  character of water. Accordingly, high-grade springwater bubbling out of the Earth possesses a preponderance of carbone-spherics – negative energy-forms or negative character – whereas rainwater coming from the atmosphere chiefly exhibits oxygen-spherics – positive energy-forms or positive character. (…)

The importance attached to the supply or exclusion of air is due to the fact that
in groundwater, for example, pyrite does not decompose if air is excluded. The moment oxygen is introduced, as a result of human activity, sulphuric acid is formed from pyrite.
Attempts to transport certain medicinal waters while still retaining their properties have so far been unsuccessful. In those waters, whose efficacy is in part attributable to their content of certain unstable iron compounds, evidence of decay due to the entry of air and light can already be detected – although on first inspection everything appears to have been retained in the later qualitatively and quantitatively. A certain length of time after discharging from the mouth of the spring, all radioactive waters lose a great deal of their medicinal effect. (…)

A phenomenon occurring in many places relates to the fact that springs deliver cooler water and rise higher in summer than in winter. In summer a positive temperature gradient exists from the stratosphere to the lithosphere. During this period cold, once strongly-oxygenated snow meltwater emerges into the light of day. In winter, on the other hand, there is a negative temperature gradient from the atmosphere to the lithosphere, and frozen ground prevents the infiltration of surface water so that the relatively oxygen-deficient water that infiltrated during the summer rises from the depths. (…)

The result of this fundamentally different way of looking at things – from a physical  instead of a merely mechanical point of view – is that my discoveries will never be incorporated into the contemporary complex of hydraulic opinion. My ideas will not be understood as long as
adherence to the current one-sided approach  persists. (…)

Had our scientists taken Nature as their teacher instead of consistently and stubbornly pursuing their own goals, we would doubtlessly have been spared our present misfortune. It is high time the many mistakes and errors made thus far (some of which occurred only recently while others have accrued from earlier epochs)  should be rectified as quickly as possible in the interests of an increasingly destitute  humanity. Any untoward delay in this
necessary change in approach cannot be countenanced. To wait until the ponderous scientific establishment has laboriously adapted itself to new guidelines is out of the question.»

«What we are experiencing today is no crisis. It is the dying of the Whole – the qualitative, physical deterioration of all organisms initiated by the disruption of Nature’s water-balance. In  step with this proceeds the moral, intellectual and spiritual collapse of humanity. This collapse is already so far advanced that despite all the warning  signs, people are still unaware of the gravity of the situation. Behaving far more cruelly than animals, people see
their ultimate salvation in decimating  the mass of humanity with weapons which – together with  the banners under which our children are supposed to bleed to death – our priests actually bless. The decision – whether we take the latter road of collapse or save ourselves at the eleventh hour from our own self-mutilation – lies only with ourselves or with politicians and men of science who take upon themselves a truly appalling responsibility. They do not consider the seriousness of the situation and are unable to provide any really effective assistance in salvation – and out of selfish interest they continue to adhere firmly to their present point of view.»

«Present-day science is following a wrong and dangerous path. First and foremost it concerns the treatment of water – the principal agent of life. The existing methods of water control, power stations and forestry are ruining water – the earth’s blood. It becomes diseased, and so affects all its surroundings. Instead of progress, the future promises catastrophe.»

«From my observations I noted how an increased water level resulting from a thaw builds up mud banks, which are then partially dispersed during clear cool nights when the water temperature drops. I then waited for an increase in the strength of the water current. This takes place in the early hours of the morning, when it is coolest, and particularly during full moon, in spite of the fact that the actual volume of the water is then apparently less, because of its contraction through cooling. I arranged for the timber to enter the water at the right moment, and in one single night 1600 cubic metres of timber were all brought down to a temporarily constructed pond in the valley.»

«I knew that my father transported hundreds of thousands of cubic metres of beechwood over long distances, never, however, during the day, but at nights and generally when the moon shone. The reason for doing it this way, as my father often explained, was because water exposed to the sun’s rays is tired and lazy and therefore curls up and sleeps. At night, however, and especially in moon light, the water becomes fresh and lively and is able to support the logs of beech and silver fir which are in fact heavier than water.»

«Far back in history, there is evidence that men who have attempted to solve the riddle of water have been bitterly attacked. Every attempt to explain the nature of water in old books has been demolished in the later editions. In any case, maintaining the sense of mystery about water ensures the prosperity of the capital intensive economy, for financial interest thrives only on a defective economy. If the riddle surrounding the origins of water were solved, it would be possible to make as much pure water available as required at any location; in this way vast areas of desert would become fertile. As a consequence, the selling values of the produce would sink so low that there would be no more incentive to speculate, or to develop agricultural machinery. The concept of unrestricted production and cheap machine power is so revolutionary, that the way of life all over the world would experience a change. Maintaining the mystery of water, therefore, maintains the value of capital, so every attempt to come nearer to an explanation is attacked.»

«Natural phenomena undisturbed by man point the way to the realization of a new technique. One needs a keen sense of observation. We must understand Nature before we can adapt its way of working to our needs.»

«Naturally moving water augments itself. It improves its quality and matures considerably. Its boiling and freezing points change, and wise Nature makes use of this phenomenon to raise water, without using pumping equipment, to the highest mountain peaks, to appear as mountain springs. This conception of raising water is not to be taken literally, since in this context it is concerned with the natural process of propagation and purification. This in turn helps towards the expansion of air by creating an air cover, which serves to develop a higher form of life.»

«People who are not aware of the importance of the balance in Nature, of which the forest is a part, want to clear areas of everything they do not consider to be useful. A great deal of sensitive concern and observation is necessary to begin to understand why Nature depends on an apparently chaotic disorder

«Each green leaf or each needle is in effect a remarkably well-regulated metal factory. Its operation can be demonstrated experimentally. With the falling of the leaves or needles this supply of metals is scattered by the wind, and the more undergrowth there is, the greater is the dispersion of organic metal salts, which during the winter are pressed down hard by the snow.»

«We move everything back to front. What we are doing is wrong and contrary to Nature. Nature moves in other ways. She primarily employs drawing, i.e. sucking energies, since these are indispensable to Nature for the growth and maintenance of life. Nature uses pressure energies and explosive forces only for reducing quality and destruction. Atomic physicists also work upside down. They would be more correct if they started with simple nuclear fusion. They should set about the cold transformation of hydrogen into helium, as Nature has done over the millions of years of Creation. Today’s technology has a tiger by the tail, because it splits the heaviest atoms with the greatest development of heat and an enormous expenditure of energy

«It is important for human beings and animals to drink healthy water. Chemically purified water, chlorinated or ozonated water is no longer living and healthy water. Good water, full of life and rich in energy, is synonymous with strong and healthy life. Bad water is synonymous with sick life. No water is the same as no life.»

«What is the present outlook in the field of energy generation? One word suffices – catastrophic! Through over-illumination and overheating of the media of earth, water and air in Nature’s household, a short circuit – ‘cold fire’ – and the development of cancer has been triggered off. With nuclear fission a conflagration was kindled, whose ashes and slag residues alone will extinguish all life.»

«To Be or Not to Be: In Nature all life is a question of the minutest, but extremely precisely graduated differences in the particular thermal motion within every single body, which continually changes in rhythm with the processes of pulsation. This unique law, which manifests itself throughout Nature’s vastness and unity and expresses itself in every creature and organism, is the ‘ law of ceaseless cycles’ that in every organism is linked to a certain time span and a particular tempo. The slightest disturbance of this harmony can lead to the most disastrous consequences for the major life forms. In order to preserve this state of equilibrium, it is vital that the characteristic inner temperature of each of the millions of micro-organisms contained in the macro-organisms be maintained.»

«The spreading of the most terrible disease of all, of cancer , is the necessary consequence of such unnatural regulatory works. These mistaken activities – our work – must legitimately lead to increasingly widespread unemployment, because our present methods of working, which have a purely mechanical basis, are already destroying not only all of wise Nature’s formative processes, but first and foremost the growth of the vegetation itself, which is being destroyed even as it grows. The drying up of mountain springs, the change in the whole pattern of motion of the groundwater, and the disturbance in the blood circulation of the organism – Earth – is the direct result of modern forestry practices. The pulse-beat of the Earth was factually arrested by the modern timber production industry. Every economic death of a people is always preceded by the death of its forests. The forest is the habitat of water and as such the habitat of life processes too, whose quality declines as the organic development of the forest is disturbed. Ultimately, due to a law which functions with awesome constancy, it will slowly but surely come around to our turn. Our accustomed way of thinking in many ways, and perhaps even without exception, is opposed to the true workings of Nature. Our work is the embodiment of our will. The spiritual manifestation of this work is its effect. When such work is carried out correctly, it brings happiness, but when carried out incorrectly, it assuredly brings misery.»

«The majority believes that everything hard to comprehend must be very profound. This is incorrect. What is hard to understand is what is immature, unclear and often false. The highest wisdom is simple and passes through the brain directly to the heart.»

«Is it therefore so illogical to recognise the Will of Nature in the rapid increase in the number of human beings? Surely several hundred million more people are needed, who with their energy and strength can help restore this ravished lump of excrement, the Earth, to its former glory!»

«Whoever exploits retrograde oxidising processes must inevitably inaugurate a scarcity and shortage of food, raw materials and fuels

«Unfortunately, catastrophes or scandalous disclosures always have to happen before humanity realises that it is only its own mistakes that have led it into misfortune. These are all the more difficult to rectify, because in the main they have been made by the authorities, who will not commit suicide themselves, but in order to save their own skins, they would rather that all Life should perish before they acknowledge their errors

«Without doubt, therefore, there is a definite intention to teach young people upside-down methods of working with which they have to miss-earn their daily bread. That is to say, instead of moving forwards, they go backwards all the more rapidly in step with the improvements in the contrary methods of motion. For only thus can today’s teaching principles flourish.»

«And in due course it became clear to me that we human beings are used to seeing everything backwards and wrong. The biggest surprise, however, was that we human beings let the most valuable part drain off as useless and from all the great intellectuality that flows through us, we retain only the feces

– Viktor Schauberger, several sources


«When a mountain spring is deprived of its natural protective shade and exposed to direct sunlight, it dries up and does not begin to flow again until the shade is restored. Some mountain springs disappear, never to return. It is a fact that our supply of mountain water is
shrinking as the protecting forests  are being thinned and cut down.  When the mountain slopes are bare, rivers turn into thin trickles or dry up completely, and when it rains they become raging torrents, bringing floods and devastation. The water ways become blocked with silt and debree. (…) It begins the vicious cycle of drought and flood.»

– “Nature Was My Teacher – The Vision of Viktor Schauberger“, documentary, 1965.

«One afternoon he gazed in amazement as trout in a lake were swimming in an ascending spiral as they came closer to the surface. What really astonished him was that at the same time the fish were ascending, an eagle was descending in an opposing spiral, which allowed it to easily grab the fish when the spirals met each other at the surface. He also noticed this spiral motion in the rivers. When the river would come around a meandering corner it would revitalize itself by creating a vortical motion, and he believed the rivers natural vortices allowed it health and abundance. Indeed, one can see how this vortical energy underlies the creation of our DNA, as well as the creation of our galaxy. Viktor saw that the vortical motion of the river was essential and was therefore strongly opposed to the creation of dams and canals which would cut off the levitational energies from flowing upstream. He viewed the river and all water as a living being, and believed when this being was forced into a reservoir, it would essentially die. Without the ability to flow, the river would no longer connect to the nourishing energies of the Earth, and therefore would no longer supply this energy to the plants and animals along its course.» – Source

«Fishes moving through turbulent flows or in formation are regularly exposed to vortices. Although animals living in fluid environments commonly capture energy from vortices, experimental data on the hydrodynamics and neural control of interactions between fish and vortices are lacking. We used quantitative flow visualization and electromyography to show that trout will adopt a novel mode of locomotion to slalom in between experimentally generated vortices by activating only their anterior axial muscles. Reduced muscle activity during vortex exploitation comparedwith the activity of fishes engaged in undulatory swimming suggests a decrease in the cost of locomotion and provides a mechanism to understand the patterns of fish distributions in schools and riverine environments.»

– “Fish Exploiting Vortices Decrease Muscle Activity“,  James C. Liao et al. (2003).


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