Neigong

«Desde a época da etnia Yao já se sabia que a dança podia ser útil para fortalecer a saúde: no capítulo intitulado “Sobre a Música Antiga” dos Anais de Outono e Inverno de Lu, pode-se ler:

“…o yin tende a estagnar (…) e acumular-se nas profundezas do corpo, (…) os músculos e ossos enrijecem e encurtam e não podem mais estender-se apropriadamente, então a dança é criada de acordo para remover a estagnação e a obstrução.”

Com o tempo algumas danças evoluíram para exercícios físicos e terapias envolvendo a respiração.
Na dinastia Zhou (sec. XI a.C. a 771 a.C.) havia inscrições a respeito de qigong (chi kung) em objetos de cobre, e nos escritos atribuídos a Laozi (sec. VI a.C.) há menção a métodos respiratórios. Na tumba nº 3 de Mawangdui, em Changsha, na província de Hunan – China, foi encontrado um livro de seda com o título “Sobre Abandonar a Comida e Alimentar-se de Qi” e uma pintura em seda com ilustrações sobre daoyin, ambos da dinastia Han do oeste (sec. 3 a.C.). (…)

“Se você tem a postura e a respiração errados, você tem somente um erro; se você tem a postura errada e a respiração correta você tem dois erros”. (…)

A arte marcial do taijiquan (tai chi chuan) não é “arte marcial do controle da mente”: (…) não há “eu quero” ou “eu desejo”, ou “eu tenho que”.»

Fonte

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«We use the movements of the animals and birds, which the old masters observed. We, human beings, are not like other animals. We don’t have sharp teeth or claws. We are a kind of animal, aren’t we? But we are the weakest kind. (…) We learn from the animals. (…)

Hsing-I [Xing Yi Quan] is direct and linear.
Pa-Kua [Bagua Zhang] is indirect and circular. (…)

The first principle is to practise the right feeling and spirit of your movements. If you do it slowly, if you are relaxed, when you are moving, you will even be able to feel the movement of the bones. (…) We should practise the sensation of our movements. We should feel the mind, the spirit, the smoothness of the movements. All of them performed the slower the better. (…) If you use force, it is no good. You should do it easily, smoothly. Smoothness is effective, not strenght. Do it naturally, very naturally. If you aren’t calm, if you are angry, the chi rises up in you.»

– Hung Yixiang, from Taiwanese Tang Shou Dao school of Internal martial arts.

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«Tai chi chuan is the art of softness containing hardness, of a needle concealed in cotton.»

– Fu Zhongwen, nephew of Yang Chengfu, in “Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan”.

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«It is like the full moon of the seventh month, whose light illuminates the whole world. When your training has reached the level of emptiness, then the distinction of offense and defense no longer exists.»

– Li Yiyu (Li I-yü), nephew of Wu Yuxiang, “Lost T’ai-chi Classics from the Late Ch’ing Dynasty” (1996).

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“Way of the Warrior” (1982), BBC

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Tai Chi, Bagua, Xing Yi demonstration

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Xing Yi vs. Bagua vs. Tai Chi

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«The Five rules of Yijin Jing are:

Quietness
Like lake water reflects the moon, a calm spirit allows energy to move inside the body.
Slowness
In order to use and flex muscles deeply, to get maximum extension and move Qi and Xue, slow movements are required.
Extension
Each movement must be brought to the maximum.
Pause
Efficacy comes through waiting and keeping tension for a longer time.
Flexibility
Limbs and trunk must be extended so that blood and energy can circulate, so we have flexibility.»
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Ba Dua Jin [“8 Brocade Pieces”], Qi Gong (Chi Kung). 8 x 8 = 64
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