(C)hora: we are all revolving around a point

«Man muss noch Chaos in sich haben, um einen tanzenden Stern gebären zu können».
[One must still have chaos in oneself, in order to one can give birth to a dancing star.]

– Nietzsche, Also sprach Zarathustra.

«I live only here and there inside a minor word in whose inflection I lose my useless head for an instant. The first and last sounds are the beginning and end of my fishlike emotion.»

– Kafka, Diaries.


χώρα (Gr.), chôra, was the space outside the city, polis. In Plato’s philosophy (Timaeus, 48e4), it designates an interval, a receptacle, a material substratum. In Heidegger’s philosophy, it designates a “clearing”, an illuminated space (Lichtung).

χορός (Gr.), choros / horos, circle, choir, performing round dances accompanied by circular chorus, related with the course of the seasons (called Ὧραι, Hōrai).

The Greek χορός is cognate with Pontic khoron, Bulgarian хоро horo, Romanian horă, kolo in the languages of the former Yugoslavia, Macedonian and Montenegrin oro (the Slavic verb oriti means “to sound, sing, glorify”), the Turkish form hora, valle in Albania, and in Hebrew הורה (hora), all are dance varieties. The Khorumi dance of Georgia and the Horon dance in the neighbouring Turkish regions might be connected.

Fresco by Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Siena (Italy), 1338-40. A group of women doing a “bridge” dance figure while accompanied by another woman playing the tambourine

palazzo_farnese-caprarolaVignola, Palazzo Farnese, Caprarola, 1550-1573

Dome of Chiesa Sant’ Antonio del Portoghesi, Campo Marzio, Rome, 1676.

Mozart, “Rondo alla Turca”, played by Glenn Gould

Beethoven, “Turkish March”, played by Evgeny Kissin

Asi Trabzon, Sampiyon Horoncular, Turkey, 2010.

‘Hora’ dance, Giresun (Turkey).

Sufi Zikir, Sufi Dhikr

Makkah, “tawaf” seven-time circum-ambulation around the Kaaba (a stone mark for Qiblah point) in a counter-clockwise direction at the sound of “Azan” (prayer calling), from the documentary “Samsara” (2012).



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