Nos últimos tempos, tenho andado a tremer tanto, que quase me pergunto se está assim tanto frio. Mas sei que não é ele a causa. Saio de um buraco e meto-me logo noutro. Fortuna maldita. Uma viagem que se pretendia calma, será completamente transtornada pela tempestade e, esperemos, que o primeiro náufrago não afogue um outro que, aliás, nem tinha nada do que salvar-se, apenas teve o infortúnio desse encontro.

Dos burocratas

Depois de passar, a pente fino, as candidaturas a uma notória Bolsa de Filosofia, percebo por que é que os Analíticos dominam a nível institucional: são burocratas superiores (chatíssimos, porém). As ideias e a qualidade expressiva deles, na amostra em apreço, têm a espessura de uma folha de papel, mas há que reconhecer que são especialmente dotados em listar e referenciar nulidades. Qualquer ninharia é um fenómeno de marketing – e quando isso encontra o olho certo (o anal, claro) num painel de avaliação, não é um evento, é uma epifania. Gente que tem orgasmos com zeros ou uns (sublinho o ‘ou’).

E não se trata de rechaçar a análise, que, na verdade, é um método que, caso eles o soubessem praticar, admitiriam que não dispensa a síntese (isto é, os por eles chamados de “Continentais”). Só respeito analistas que tenham lido (e minimamente percebido) Leibniz – o resto são anedotas. Desconhecem até que, antes do primeiro Analítico, Charles Babbage (fundador da Analytical Society) e leibniziano), ter criado a “Máquina Analítica” (o computador), ele criou – oiçam bem – a “Máquina da Diferença” (aliás, existem duas)!

Transparent water

«Aber auch nicht seine Tugenden verbergen! – Ich liebe die Menschen, welche durchsichtiges Wasser sind und die, mit Pope zu reden, auch “die Unreinlichkeiten auf dem Grunde ihres Stromes sehen lassen.” Selbst für sie giebt es aber noch eine Eitelkeit, freilich von seltener und sublimirter Art: Einige von ihnen wollen, dass man eben nur die Unreinlichkeiten sehe und die Durchsichtigkeit des Wassers, die diess möglich macht, für Nichts achte. (…)».

[But also not concealing one’s virtues – I love those humans who are like transparent water and who, as Pope says, even “let the impurities on the bottom of their stream to be seen”. Even though, for them, there is still a vanity, it is, admittedly, of a rarer and more sublimated kind: some of them wish that one only just sees the impurities and does not regard the transparency of the water which makes this possible. (…)].

– Nietzsche, “Morgenröte“[Dawn], §558.


«My faults will not be hid from you, and perhaps it is no dispraise to me that they will not: the cleanness and purity of one’s mind is never better proved, than in discovering its own faults at first view; as when a stream shows the dirt at its bottom, it shows also the transparency of the water.»

– Alexander Pope, letter to Mr. Congreve, Jan. 16, 1714-5.


«Know then thyself, presume not God to scan
The proper study of Mankind is Man.[*]
Placed on this isthmus of a middle state,
A Being darkly wise, and rudely great:
With too much knowledge for the Sceptic side,
With too much weakness for the Stoic’s pride,
He hangs between; in doubt to act, or rest;
In doubt to deem himself a God, or Beast;
In doubt his mind or body to prefer;
Born but to die, and reas’ning but to err;
Alike in ignorance, his reason such,
Whether he thinks too little, or too much;
Chaos of Thought and Passion, all confus’d;
Still by himself, abus’d or disabus’d;
Created half to rise and half to fall;
Great Lord of all things, yet a prey to all,
Sole judge of truth, in endless error hurl’d;
The glory, jest and riddle of the world.

Go, wondrous creature! mount where science guides,
Go, measure earth, weigh air, and state the tides;
Instruct the planets in what orbs to run,
Correct old time, and regulate the sun;
Go, soar with Plato to th’ empyreal sphere,
To the first good, first perfect, and first fair;
Or tread the mazy round his followers trod,
And quitting sense call imitating God;
As Eastern priests in giddy circles run,
And turn their heads to imitate the sun.
Go, teach Eternal Wisdom how to rule—
Then drop into thyself, and be a fool!

– Alexander Pope, “An Essay on Man”, 1733-1734.

(*) This line was “The only Science of Mankind is Man” in the first edition, but it was corrected by the author afterwards. Right: not science.

(C)hora: we are all revolving around a point

«Man muss noch Chaos in sich haben, um einen tanzenden Stern gebären zu können».
[One must still have chaos in oneself, in order to one can give birth to a dancing star.]

– Nietzsche, Also sprach Zarathustra.

«I live only here and there inside a minor word in whose inflection I lose my useless head for an instant. The first and last sounds are the beginning and end of my fishlike emotion.»

– Kafka, Diaries.


χώρα (Gr.), chôra, was the space outside the city, polis. In Plato’s philosophy (Timaeus, 48e4), it designates an interval, a receptacle, a material substratum. In Heidegger’s philosophy, it designates a “clearing”, an illuminated space (Lichtung).

χορός (Gr.), choros / horos, circle, choir, performing round dances accompanied by circular chorus, related with the course of the seasons (called Ὧραι, Hōrai).

The Greek χορός is cognate with Pontic khoron, Bulgarian хоро horo, Romanian horă, kolo in the languages of the former Yugoslavia, Macedonian and Montenegrin oro (the Slavic verb oriti means “to sound, sing, glorify”), the Turkish form hora, valle in Albania, and in Hebrew הורה (hora), all are dance varieties. The Khorumi dance of Georgia and the Horon dance in the neighbouring Turkish regions might be connected.

Fresco by Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Siena (Italy), 1338-40. A group of women doing a “bridge” dance figure while accompanied by another woman playing the tambourine

palazzo_farnese-caprarolaVignola, Palazzo Farnese, Caprarola, 1550-1573

Dome of Chiesa Sant’ Antonio del Portoghesi, Campo Marzio, Rome, 1676.

Mozart, “Rondo alla Turca”, played by Glenn Gould

Beethoven, “Turkish March”, played by Evgeny Kissin

Asi Trabzon, Sampiyon Horoncular, Turkey, 2010.

‘Hora’ dance, Giresun (Turkey).

Sufi Zikir, Sufi Dhikr

Makkah, “tawaf” seven-time circum-ambulation around the Kaaba (a stone mark for Qiblah point) in a counter-clockwise direction at the sound of “Azan” (prayer calling), from the documentary “Samsara” (2012).